Executive sessions allow for public bodies to have private, closed-door meetings to discuss a certain number of topics only. Public bodies are not allowed to vote in executive sessions, they must emerge from the session and take a public vote on any action (via voce—as discussed earlier)
Two-thirds of those present on the public body must vote (by voice) to go into executive session. Public bodies can go into executive session to discuss only those topics listed in La. R.S. 42:17. The most-often used exceptions are investigation of misconduct, discussing the character and competence of an employee (hiring, promoting or firing), strategy on litigation after formal written demand or the terms of collective bargaining and union negotiations, and other privacy-related matters (like students and worker’s compensation claims).